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Obesity is a health problem that occurs with the increase in body fat mass, the foundation of which is laid in childhood, and although it is possible to treat, it takes a long time. Therefore, preventive measures should be taken in childhood. At the beginning of these measures, it is important to pay attention to the consumption of foods containing high calories in the nutrition of children, and to make sports habits a lifestyle at a younger age.
There are many factors such as hormonal reasons, familial predispositions, mood of the person, working conditions, nutrition on the basis of obesity. This requires the cooperation of different disciplines, especially physicians, psychologists, nutritionists and physiotherapists, in the treatment of obesity. It is important to provide psychological support to people with obesity problems until the treatment is over, to ensure that they participate in the treatment in a determined and patient manner, and to help them with supportive treatments when they experience psychological difficulties. The aim here is to get rid of the excess fat tissue in the body with a planned treatment by spreading it over a certain period of time. While giving the obese individual healthy eating habits with treatment plans, it is important to create systems that they can apply on their own in daily life instead of compelling nutrition lists. In this context, a period of approximately 6 months is foreseen in order to reduce the body weight of the person by 10 percent. Even this 10% weight loss is of great benefit in preventing health problems caused by obesity.
5 Methods are Applied at Obesity Treatment
The treatment of obesity includes medical nutrition, exercise, behavioral treatments, medical treatments under physician control, and surgical methods. The combination of these methods also provides more successful results in the long run. Because patients can have difficulties, especially when trying to get rid of the wrong diet they have been used to for years and trying to gain healthy eating principles. If he has never had the habit of doing sports in his life, he may have trouble gaining a new habit and showing the determination to continue it throughout his life. These problems have an important place on the basis of the support of physicians and health personnel from more than one discipline for obese individuals.
Personalized medical diet makes you forget your old habits
Although obesity is a problem that arises with the increase in fat tissue in the body, a patient-specific approach makes a very important difference in treatment. It is of great importance to regulate meal times, to regulate carbohydrate consumption, to exclude high-calorie foods from the diet, to have very regular water consumption, and to provide psychological support in areas of strain. In the first 1-2 months of medical nutrition, there may be difficulties in adapting to the person, so the target weight may be above the target weight. The important thing here is to continue the journey with patience.
Exercising also helps your diet
Diet alone is not enough to reduce the excess fat stored in the body to normal limits. Studies show that with a personalized physical activity plan added to medical nutrition therapy, excess adipose tissue and fat in the abdominal region are reduced. In addition to fat loss, muscle tissue loss is also prevented. If both treatments are applied simultaneously and in a way that supports each other, the success rate increases. While applying exercise programs, it is necessary to pay attention to the duration and intensity. There is a risk of injury due to excess weight. Sports programs, which should be prepared for each individual, are fun, and if they can be applied on their own in daily life, they turn into a habit. It is also very beneficial to try to increase muscle mass with at least 30 minutes of walking every day and resistance exercises prepared under the supervision of a trainer.
Progress towards the goal with small but determined steps in obesity creates permanent results
The most important factor that should not be forgotten while losing weight is that the person sets goals for himself and convinces himself that losing weight will open the doors to a healthier life. If he gets rid of excess fat, he should take firm steps towards his goal, considering the benefits that will occur first in his body and then in his daily life. For this, writing a nutrition diary, not taking home foods that contain high-calorie, harmful trans fats, which we describe as junk food, spending time with friends who support weight loss and have positive approaches, avoiding harmful foods and drinks that the obese individual can’t stand to see and eat at home. It is important to support the treatment by not having it.
Does obesity have medication?
It is not recommended to use drugs to be used in the treatment of obesity in individuals with mild and moderate excess weight. In case of long-term use of these drugs, it is important that the individual is not harmed, that they are safe, and that they do not cause significant side effects in the short and long term. One of the most important issues here is that drug treatment does not cause addiction problems. The necessity of using such drugs under the advice and control of a physician should not be overlooked. The success of the treatment cannot be expected only from the drug in patients who are treated with drugs, it is also important that the patient adheres to medical nutrition therapy at a high rate and does not neglect daily walks and resistance exercises.
What are the most commonly used surgical methods in the treatment of obesity?
Reducing the absorption capacity of the stomach (malabsorption) is one of the most frequently applied methods in the surgical treatment of obesity. After determining which patients are suitable for the surgical method, medical nutrition therapy and exercise support are first given with the support of a nutritionist. Despite all this, if the patient’s whole body mass index does not fall below 35, surgical intervention is performed with the decision of the specialist doctor.
How is the tube stomach (G-tube) method applied?
Another method applied in the surgical treatment of obesity is the “Sleeve Gastrectomy” method, known as the sleeve gastrectomy method. This method is applied by removing the stomach in the form of a tube with a diameter of 1.5 centimeters between the esophagus and the duodenum. In about 2 years, 60-80% of the excess weight is lost. Patients not only lose weight, but also get rid of diseases that accompany obesity by 80-90%.
How are mini gastric bypass and gastric balloon methods performed?
Apart from gastric absorption reduction and sleeve gastrectomy, there is another method used in the treatment of obesity. “Mini Gastric Bypass” has the feature of being a surgery that is performed in a short time and shortens the discharge time. It is a type of surgery that can be applied to people who have metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes (diabetes), high cholesterol and high blood pressure, as well as the planned weight loss after the operation. In the Gastric Balloon application, a hollow balloon is placed from the mouth to the stomach with an endoscopy device. Then the balloon is inflated and a fullness is created in the patient’s stomach, providing a feeling of satiety. Gastric balloon can be defined as a non-surgical method unlike surgical methods. However, the results are not permanent since the balloon must be removed within a year.
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